Positive Behavior Support Approach
PBIS; He defined it as “a behavioral approach system that provides environmental regulations that strengthen the link between evidence-based practices and teaching and learning environments to develop the capacity of schools, families and society” (Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, Center for Parent Information and Resources [PBIS], 2020; Sugai et al., 2000). PBIS is an approach that includes systems and practices that scientifically support the values and behaviors of individuals and society in order to reduce and prevent problem behaviors and increase the quality of life of the individual (Kincaid et al., 2016). In the PBIS system; There is a set of rules that are consistent, fixed and clearly laid out, and it is ensured that the individual follows these rules.
The main purpose of this system is developing the knowledge and skills of all relevant people in the child's life, education and training life, to ensure that the child gains positive behaviors and prosocial skills and to minimize the negative behaviors that may arise (Sugai, 2000; Kincaid et al., 2016). This approach gives researchers the flexibility to create their own application models by adhering to the basic rules and strategies of PBIS (Kincaid et al., 2016; Koegel et al., (1996 as cited in Andersan & Freeman, 2000). Sugai and Horner, 2002; Sugai et al., 2000): (1) PBIS includes prevention-based intervention practices (2) It is very important to clearly define and teach the behaviors expected from children. (3) PBIS is based on behavioral and ecological theories and includes applications of “Applied Behavior Analysis (IDA)”. It is a universal approach that does not require a scientific adaptation in the group or different cultures to which it is applied. (4) PBIS reflects the system-based approach. Accordingly, administrators, teachers and families in the system must be involved in an effective PBIS implementation.